Ada Is The Native Token Of Cardano
It is named after Ada Lovelace: a 19th-century mathematician who is recognized as the first computer programmer, and is the daughter of the poet Lord Byron.
ADA is a digital currency. Any user, located anywhere in the world, can use ADA as a secure exchange of value – without requiring a third party to mediate the exchange. Every transaction is permanently, securely, and transparently recorded on the Cardano blockchain.
Every ada holder also holds a stake in the Cardano network. ADA stored in a wallet can be delegated to a stake pool to earn rewards – to participate in the successful running of the network – or pledged to a stake pool to increase the pool's likelihood of receiving rewards. In time, ADA will also be usable for a variety of applications and services on the Cardano platform.
You can buy or sell ada for fiat or other cryptocurrencies using cryptocurrency exchanges. Visit coinmarketcap to see the list of exchanges that support ada.
As an ada holder, it is important to keep your funds secure, and that means you need to keep your private keys private. It is highly recommended to avoid keeping your cryptocurrency in an exchange longer than necessary, and instead to use a cryptocurrency wallet. We recommend either a full-node wallet like Daedalus, or the browser-based Yoroi.
A cryptocurrency wallet is a software program designed to store your public and private keys, send and receive digital currencies, monitor your balance, and interact with supported blockchains. Ada can be stored using a Daedalus or Yoroi wallet - the primary wallets of the Cardano ecosystem, developed, respectively, by IOHK and EMURGO - or other third-party wallets.
In addition to the variation of wallets available, there are also two types of wallets: a hot wallet and a cold wallet.
ADA held on the Cardano network represents a stake in the network, with the size of the stake proportional to the amount of ada held. The ability to delegate or pledge a stake is fundamental to how Cardano works.
There are two ways an ada holder can earn rewards: by delegating their stake to a stake pool run by someone else, or running their own stake pool. The amount of stake delegated to a given stake pool is the primary way the Ouroboros protocol chooses who should add the next block to the blockchain, and receive a monetary reward for doing so.
The more stake is delegated to a stake pool (up to a certain point), the more likely it is to make the next block – and the rewards are shared between everyone who delegated their stake to that stake pool.
Stake pools are run by stake pool operators. These are network participants with the skills to reliably ensure consistent uptime of a node, which is essential in ensuring the success of the Ouroboros protocol and the Cardano network as a whole.
The protocol uses a probabilistic mechanism to select a leader for each slot, who will be expected to create the next block in the chain. The chance of a stake pool node being selected as slot leader increases proportionately to the amount of stake delegated to that node. Each time a stake pool node is selected as a slot leader and successfully creates a block, it receives a reward, which is shared with the pool proportionate to the amount each member has delegated. Stake pool operators can deduct their running costs from the awarded ADA, as well as specify a profit margin for providing the service.
"Slot" and "Epoch" are used to define time values associated with the Blockchain Cardano.
one "Epoch" = 5 days or 432,000 Slots
one "Slot" = 1 second
Delegation is the process by which ADA holders delegate the stake associated with their ADA to a stake pool. It allows ADA holders that do not have the skills or desire to run a node to participate in the network and be rewarded in proportion to the amount of stake delegated.
Yes. Delegated stake can be re-delegated to another pool at any time. Re-delegated stake will remain in the current pool until the epoch after next (from the point of re-delegation), after which your delegation preferences will be updated on the chain and your stake moved to the new stake pool. Rewards are distributed from the end of each epoch, so you’ll continue to receive rewards from your original stake pool for two epochs before your new delegation preferences are applied.
No. Over time, the rewards should be roughly the same and may even be better.
Some people overlook small stake pools as they think they wont get any returns from them or they will get less rewards than some of the bigger pools.
At present, a pool needs at least 4.5M Ada staked to consistently mint blocks each Epoch and earn rewards. A pool with less staked ADA will mint blocks less frequently.
However - a pool with a large stake has a large number of delegators, so the rewards are smaller because they are split amongst many delegators. Small pools mint fewer blocks and have fewer reward payouts, but because there are far fewer delegators, each delegator earns a much higher reward each time a block is minted.
Large pool = consistant, but small reward payouts.
Small pool = inconsistant, but large reward payouts.
Over time the rewards even out. The key is to pick a pool and stay with it - unless they are minting zero blocks.
Saturation is a term used to indicate that a particular stake pool has more stake delegated to it than is ideal for the network, and once a pool reaches the point of saturation it will offer diminishing rewards. The saturation mechanism was designed to prevent centralization by encouraging delegators to delegate to different stake pools, and operators to set up alternative pools so that they can continue earning maximum rewards. Saturation, therefore, exists to preserve the interests of both ADA holders delegating their stake and stake pool operators.
The goal is to avoid any single pool becoming too large – thereby disincentivizing delegation to other pools – and receiving a disproportionate amount of the rewards. The health of the network is partly determined by having a high number of active stake pools with a balanced amount of stake delegated to them. The more numerous and geographically diverse the network’s pools, the better. Each stake pool’s saturation percentage is shown within the Daedalus stake pool selection menu.
You can use the rewards calculator to get an idea of how much you will earn in rewards. It’s important to note that the calculator produces only reward estimates and shouldn’t be considered definitive or a guarantee of reward amounts. In the future, we will likely test different parameters that may affect reward margins. Amounts calculated are therefore subject to change, but represent a realistic and sensible level of return.
Yes. Rewards earned accrue with your original stake. When rewards are received, the balance of your reward account increases – and, consequently, the delegated stake is increased.
There are several options for delegating to us.
and press the Delegate button.
You can also follow the tutorial videos of the different Cardano wallets in the How to Delegate section
Because in addition to taking advantage of the minimum operating costs allowed by the Cardano Blockchain protocol,
you are also helping a just humanitarian cause in Africa which aims to provide tools to the poorest so that they can be more productive in their daily work. Therefore, enable them to generate more income intelligently to improve their quality of life. (see -Objective of the Pool-)